About Hepatitis

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Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. It can be brought on by alcohol, drugs, viruses and other toxins. Viral hepatitis refers to hepatitis resulting from infection of the liver by viruses like the hepatitis A, B, C, D and E viruses.

Hepatitis A is a short term liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. Worldwide, an estimated 1.4 million cases of hepatitis A occur each year.  Hepatitis A infection does not cause chronic liver disease and is rarely fatal, but the symptoms can be debilitating.

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Hepatitis B is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis B infection can lead to long-term liver disease. Left unmanaged, it can result in cirrhosis or liver cancer. More than two billion people worldwide have been infected by hepatitis B and of these over 240 million are living with long-term (also known as chronic) hepatitis B.

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Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus. A number of people will experience no symptoms, while others will experience symptoms ranging from mild to severe. Left unmanaged, hepatitis C can lead to scarring of the liver and serious liver disease. World-wide, there are an estimated 170 million people living with chronic (long-term) hepatitis C, with 3-4 million new infections a year.

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